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SAT语法有哪些陷阱

发布时间:2014-09-10 11:04:28 来源:无锡朗阁培训中心 编辑:无锡朗阁小编
SAT语法中也充满了陷阱,不知道大家注意到没?今天无锡朗阁小编给大整理了SAT语法有哪些陷阱,希望大家能够注意下,别因为自己的不小心就把分数给丢了!
        SAT语法中也充满了陷阱,不知道大家注意到没?今天无锡朗阁小编给大整理了SAT语法有哪些陷阱,希望大家能够注意下,别因为自己的不小心就把分数给丢了!
  1. 逻辑词中有搭配
  Improving Sentence 一般属于重点抢分部分,我们一般要求做过完整复习的考生在考试时能够尽量获得满分。可总有一些意想不到的绊脚石存在。大家且翻到OG 470/10
  For all their talk about ecology, major companies have so far spent very little to fight pollution.
  A) For all their talk
  B) In spite of the fact of their having talked
  C) Besides their having talked
  D) In addition to their talking
  E) Although there is talk between one and the other
  根据此题的划线部分或通过比较选项,我们能轻易得知首先须判断句子前后的逻辑。根据前后的暗示词比如talk about, spent little(说过但做得少), 我们得知是前后是相反的,而绝非因果类或递进类的关系。因此考生会认为符合选项的只有B和E, 因为A,C,D 选项分别表示了因果和层进的关系。
SAT语法有哪些陷阱-无锡朗阁
  可是这样的判断却又让考生陷入了stalemate (僵局),因为我们曾重点提示过大家:SAT语法中的选项必须符合简洁原则,B和E选项无论怎样看都过于冗余和累赘。
  学生一筹莫展,到底正确的选项会是哪个呢?答案是A! 原封不动,完全没错。“元芳你怎么看?”“此事必有蹊跷!”在此必须指出这个看似简单逻辑题的小机关:其实for all 就等于in spite of,despite. 这是固定搭配。代入一看,A选项的确又简洁又准确(尽管他们对生态问题夸夸其谈,迄今却很少支出在打击污染方面)。
  例如我们也可以造句来加深印象:for all his wealth and fame, he led a life of solitude. (尽管他有钱有名,却生活地非常孤独。)
  2. “简洁原则”有例外
  Although the candidate promised both to cut taxes and improve services, he failed to keep either of them after the election. ( Online Course 1,Section 7, 9)
  A. Although the candidate promised both to cut taxes and improve services, he
  B. The candidate, having promised both to cut taxes and improve services,
  C. Although the candidate made promises both to cut taxes and improve services, he
  D. Having promised, first, to cut taxes and, second, to improve services, the candidate
  E. The candidate's promises were both to cut taxes and improve services, he
  此题读下来逻辑顺畅,的确是让步的关系。笔者欲提醒考生,一般原题中的逻辑词是正确的话,逻辑词需保留,为体现句子之逻辑性。因此B不正确,D太繁琐,E选项是RUN-ON SENTENCE, 答案被锁定在A和C选项。
  此时同学很容易根据“简洁原则”(promise to do比make promise to do 简单)而觉得A就是正确答案。其实不然。要知道在“简洁原则”之前还有“准确原则”,先要判断它是否表达地对,才能判断其是否简洁。
  如果对也不对,谈何简洁?在笔者教授SAT的过程中经常发现学生对于知识体系的理解过于片面或不完整,造成其考试时候的一重大败笔,失分严重。在此笔者建议大家为了提高正确率,谨慎起见,当二中择一时最好能回看下原题干,它才会给你最可靠的暗示。而所谓的“黄金法则” 并非所有场合都能奏效。
  于是回看原文,尤其看未划线的部分,我们一目了然,正确答案确定无疑,是C选项。因为后文中有个关键词them. 代词一般只能指代名词,而不可指代cut taxes或improve services这样的动作。那么只有选择C中的make promises both to cut taxes and improve services, 用以指代promises.
  3. “平行”有时不对称
  Katarina could not be certain whether the voice she heard on the recording was her uncle or someone else who speaks with a heavy German accent.(2011.5/section 5,11)
  A. uncle or someone else
  B. uncle or that of someone else
  C. uncle’s or someone else
  D. uncle’s or that of someone else
  E. uncle’s or someone else’s
  根据题干我们知道在这里比较的对象是VOICE, 所以可以将选项锁定在D和E中。又有同学会根据“平行对称原则”毅然选择E选项。因此煮熟的鸭子也会飞走,快到手的分数悄悄滑落。

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